Speaker – can be a voice meditating the theme or it can be a specific person. Important to consider the point of view of the speaker.
Subject – is what the poem is about; there should be a clear difference from the theme. Ideally, the subject is one word and can help establish the author’s tone. Subject of cat’s in the cradle: regret, relationship, growing up, maturity, etc.
Mood – the reader’s emotional response to the piece of literature (poetry). In essence, it answers, “what are my feelings or emotions from this poem?”
Tone – the attitude the author takes towards the subject or character. For example: serious, humorous, ironic, satirical.
Imagery – language that evokes the five senses: sight, sound, taste, smell, and touch.